I did not get permission for veranda at French home – what do I risk? – The Connexion
Reader Question: I had a 10 square metres veranda constructed at my second home in south-west France about 10 years ago and We have now found out – thanks to a neighbour who is having one built – that I was supposed in order to get planning permission with regard to it. Can authorities retroactively fine me?
The good news regarding our reader is that will as it has been more than six years since construction took place, they are inside the clear in terms of France’s code de l’urbanisme , meaning they will face no legal procedures under criminal law.
However the commune itself has 10 years in which it could potentially launch a civil procedure to have the structure demolished. Our reader should check the dates carefully to see when the veranda has been constructed but will most likely be in the clear for this.
France takes building permits very seriously.
People who build structures such as verandas without the correct authorisation risk the fine of at least €1, 200 (and up to a legal maximum of €6, 000 / square metre). In the particular case associated with repeat offences, the person risks a six month prison sentence.
Type of permission depends on size of veranda
The type of permission required depends on the size of the construction and where you live.
Note that a veranda is seen as a form of extension of the house, as opposed to the free-standing garden structure such as a shed.
If you live within the area associated with a commune’s PLU ( plan local d’urbanisme ) or similar local arranging document, then you usually only need a déclaration préalable sobre travaux if the veranda is contained to no more than 40 square metres.
This is a simpler formality than full planning authorization ( permis de construire ) which involves a declaration to the mairie , with tacit approval in case you hear nothing within a month (two months if you are in a conservation area). You can complete this on paper or online in this link.
However , if the particular veranda is 20-40 block metres plus it takes the total surface area of the house to more than 150 square metre distances, then a person need complete planning permission.
In areas (usually rural) not covered by the PLU, in that case a déclaration préalable is always needed intended for verandas from five in order to 20 rectangle metres.
For larger verandas, you must obtain a permis de construire .
You can find a permis sobre construire form at this particular link . It must be submitted to your local mairie .
Verandas and taxes
France’s central tax authority the DGFiP states: “A veranda will be enclosed by glass walls and often equipped with the heating system. It can be lived in and furnished. It is therefore taxable. ”
It means that the addition of a veranda is liable to increase a property’s theoretical rental value ( valeur locative cadastrale ) used as the basis for the calculation associated with taxe foncière .
The amount it will increase the particular tax simply by varies according to the size plus the commune the property is in.
You should declare it to the tax authorities within 90 days of its building and you will then simply benefit from a two-year exemption from any extra taxe foncière .
A veranda will also increase the taxe d’habitation if still applicable to the household.
The particular taxe d’aménagement applies to all verandas with a surface area greater than five square metres and the ceiling height greater than or even equal to 1. 80m.
You can use this government simulator to calculate how much the taxe d’aménagement may cost you on a garden structure: Simulez la abgabe d’aménagement de votre projet .